Here’s one way an economy can begin to turn around: a business person sees an opportunity. Maybe it’s a building that’s been sitting empty, or a block corner that’s looking run down. The business person gets together with investors, and maybe lands some government tax incentives. It becomes a public-private partnership.
But sometimes, an economic turnaround starts not with investors or public money. It starts with philanthropy. Dustin Dwyer recently reported for Changing Gears from Grand Rapids, Mich., on the role that philanthropy is playing there, and elsewhere in the Midwest.
Here’s his look at the role of philanthropy.
All over downtown Grand Rapids, there are major projects that came about because of philanthropy, such as the Amway Grand Plaza Hotel. One block north, sits the convention center. A few blocks south is the Van Andel Arena. To the west, there’s the Grand Rapids Public Museum, the Meijer Broadcast Center, and the YMCA.
To the east, up Monroe Avenue Northwest is what’s called Medical Mile. $1 billion dollars went into building the medical and bio-research facilities over there – much of that in the form of private donations.
Without these developments and without philanthropy, Grand Rapids’ downtown would seem pretty empty.
“Everybody recognizes that Grand Rapids’ downtown has been revitalized in these dramatic ways,” says Michael Moody, who studies family philanthropy at the Johnson Center for Philanthropy at Grand Valley State University .
Moody says one of the things that makes Grand Rapids downtown unique is how philanthropy has been used here.
“We do see institutions that were developed like hotels and convention centers that were developed through major roles of philanthropists, but that otherwise look like regular downtown economic development activities,” he said.
This philanthropic process gets talked about a lot in Grand Rapids. But it’s not necessarily unique.
Take a look at Cleveland.
Ronn Richard runs the Cleveland Foundation. It’s one of the largest community foundations in the country. When he was hired eight years ago, Richards said he knew that the foundation had to expand its scope – not just supporting existing organizations, but creating new ones from scratch.
And so the Cleveland Foundation started acting like a venture capital firm. It has a project called the Evergreen Cooperatives. Richard says the project includes a pot of money – about $22 million so far – to be used as startup capital to get businesses going.
“And then when they hit profitability, they will do two things: 10 percent of their profits will go back into the pot to start ever-more companies, and the rest of the profits get distributed among their employees because these are for-profit, employee-owned companies,” he said.
The companies are located in some of the most economically distressed neighborhoods of Cleveland. There is a clear social goal to Evergreen Cooperatives.
But Richard says the businesses do have to be viable.
“You know, we are kind of hard-nose business folks when it comes to that. We couldn’t afford to just keep pumping money into these companies if they’re not profitable. So these are serious, for profit
Two businesses have launched so far. A third is launching soon. Richard says by next summer, the project will be directly responsible for creating 80 jobs.
This program is a unique way to tackle economic problems. And the Cleveland Foundation has many more projects with the same goal. So do other Midwest cities. You could go to Chicago, Milwaukee, Detroit or Flint and see the effects of philanthropy.
The Chronicle of Philanthropy keeps track of this kind of giving. If you look at just the institutions that give grants for community and economic development, the Midwest has four of the top five foundations in the country.
It is one of the great assets of our region – these foundations and philanthropic organizations that were set up years ago. They can continue to fuel our economies for years to come.